Karabash – The Most Polluted City in Russia (20 Photos)

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Karabash, is located at Chelyabinsk region with a population of 15,000 people. Karabash city was found in 1822 after the discovery of gold miners on the site of an ancient Tatar settlements. Name of Karabash in Tatar means “black head” the value of Tatar names and titles has always been symbolic. In the early 20th century, began to produce copper mines in Karabash. After several decades of production of copper ores and copper smelting, the city became a zone of ecological emergency. During the Soviet era, the plant was not having a treatment facilities for the environment.
Karabash - The Most Polluted City in Russia (20 Photos)

For past 100 years, plants had managed to burn out fall slag huge area around it. In the year, plant throws out the atmosphere more than 180 tons of gas, which falls as acid rain on the surrounding area.
Karabash - The Most Polluted City in Russia (20 Photos)
Mountain, located on the border of the city, completely lost its forest cover. On Bald Mountain in the Karabash painted the words “Save and Protect”. Above the inscription is the iron cross from pieces of channel bars.
Karabash - The Most Polluted City in Russia (20 Photos)
The city is very dusty and hard to breathe. In recent years the problems of emissions for the production of copper was added the problem of erosion of the city.
Karabash - The Most Polluted City in Russia (20 Photos)
Here is the plant who is responsible for the environmental disaster. In the river Sak-Elga, the level of iron content is 500 times more acceptable norm.
Karabash - The Most Polluted City in Russia (20 Photos)
View of Karabash city from the top of Bald Mountain.
Karabash - The Most Polluted City in Russia (20 Photos)
In recent years, city carried out the reconstruction of copper smelting plant on a very large-scale. The ecological situation in the city has improved, for example, you can see the new trees growing on the mountain side area.
Karabash - The Most Polluted City in Russia (20 Photos)
In the production of copper from copper ore produced a large amount of hazardous gases, such as derivatives of lead, sulfur, arsenic, and, indeed, of copper.
Karabash - The Most Polluted City in Russia (20 Photos)
All the harmful gases were ejected, when the plant was virtually unimpeded and emissions from them are not cleaned. As a result, the total weight of emissions for the full duration of the plant was more than 14 million tons.
Karabash - The Most Polluted City in Russia (20 Photos)
Karabash - The Most Polluted City in Russia (20 Photos)
After processing thousands a tons of rock are slime, they are dumped near the factory. As a result, such waste piles.
Karabash - The Most Polluted City in Russia (20 Photos)
A Evergreen forest.
Karabash - The Most Polluted City in Russia (20 Photos)
The copper ore contains less than 1% copper. Thus, to obtain one ton of copper, plant needed to recycle 100 tons of rock.
Karabash - The Most Polluted City in Russia (20 Photos)
The biggest danger to the ecological conditions is acid rain.
Karabash - The Most Polluted City in Russia (20 Photos)
Copper in the rock contained the form of Sulfides and obtained by firing sulfur dioxide SO2. In the atmosphere of sulphurous acid is formed H2SO3, which falls as rain in the surrounding area.
Karabash - The Most Polluted City in Russia (20 Photos)
Recycled waste piles to a height over 50 meters.
Karabash - The Most Polluted City in Russia (20 Photos)
Constant acid rain kills all vegetation. As soon as the vegetation dies, the wind and rain quickly washed off the land and the mountains turned into rocks.
Karabash - The Most Polluted City in Russia (20 Photos)
The main part of city looks like a village. The inhabitants of many genetic and acquired diseases like cancer, eczema, kidney stones, defects in fetal and cerebral palsy.
Karabash - The Most Polluted City in Russia (20 Photos)
Karabash - The Most Polluted City in Russia (20 Photos)
In 1989, due to the crisis situation in the ecology of the city ( Ecology is deteriorating so much so that in dying vegetation), the old metallurgical production was halted. One fifth of the city’s population was unemployed. Social situation of the city was undergoing in deep crisis at that time. The city’s population decreased by 15 thousand people.
Karabash - The Most Polluted City in Russia (20 Photos)
In 1998, copper smelting production was started again because of socio-economic situation was improved.
Source: victorprofessor